George , Joshy and Thakur, Sanjay Kumar and Tripathi, R.C. and Ram, L.C. and Gupta, A. and Prasad, S. (2010) Impact of coal industries on the quality of Damodar river water. Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry , 92 (9). pp. 1649-1664. ISSN 0277-2248

[img] PDF
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (146Kb) | Request a copy


Increasing demand for water in domestic, agricultural, and industrial sectors necessitates exploitation of water either in the form of groundwater or from natural resources. To safeguard the long-term sustainability of water resources and their utilization, the quality of water has to be periodically monitored and determined for various characteristics, especially when the sources are polluted, such as Damodar river. Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR), Dhanbad, is carrying out research work on coal and its utilization and associated environmental concerns. The blood stream of life for the whole Jharia Coalfield is none other than the river Damodar. CIMFR’s campus also depends exclusively on river Damodar for meeting its demand of drinking water. This study is a general survey toward the characteristics of Damodar river water, with special emphasis on the pollutant parameters, and evaluation of the treatment process being carried out at the institute for potability. Damodar river water is indeed affected by the disposal of the wastes without any pre-treatment by different coalbased industries established in its basin. The quantity of dissolved and suspended solids, total hardness, chemical oxygen demand, and coliform bacterial count are higher in Damodar water due to the disposal of the waste/effluents from coalwashing plants, coke ovens, cement, and other industries, but well within the permissible limit which is probably attributable to the high-carrying capacity of the river. The river is still not that much affected as it is usually apprehended, and it can be well utilized for potable and domestic purposes after simple treatment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: coalfield; Damodar river water; effluents; wastewater treatment
Subjects: Enviornmental Management
Depositing User: Dr. Satyendra Kumar Singh
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2012 04:19
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2012 04:19

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item