Chakraborty, A.K. and Jethwa, J.L (1994) Effects of Joint Orientation and Rock Mass Quality on Tunnel Blasting. Engineering Geology, 37 (3&4). pp. 247-262. ISSN 0013-7952

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It is a well known fact that rock mass properties influence the process of fragmentation considerably. Model blasts and field investigations were carried out to find the effects of rock mass quality and joint orientation on tunnel blasting. Propagation of shock waves are partially restricted by joint planes. It was observed that the blast results (i.e., average fragment size and depth and cross-sectional area of the broken zone) were considerably influenced by joint orientation. Accordingly, it has been concluded that loading equipment with a larger capacity and deeper blast holes are required in formations with joint planes perpendicular to the tunnel axis. The number of blast holes, however, should be greater when joints are parallel to the tunnel axis. Furthermore, the powder factor (kg/m3) has been found to be directly related to rock mass quality (Q). Optimisation of pull, powder factor and overbreak is required in the case of weak formations with joints perpendicular to the tunnel axis. The use of contour blasting technique seems to be essential in poor and fair rock masses to minimise the overbreak, reduce the support cost and improve the stability of the opening.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Blasting
Depositing User: Dr. Satyendra Kumar Singh
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2012 06:55
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2012 06:55

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