Mandal, Prabhat Kumar and Singh, Rajendra and Singh, Arun Kumar and Kumar, Rakesh and Sinha, A. (2008) Underpinning-based simultaneous extraction of contiguous sections of a thick coal seam under weak and laminated parting. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences , 45 (1). pp. 11-28. ISSN 1365-1609

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Around 12.5 m-thick Zero seam of Chirimiri colliery underneath Bartunga hill of M/s South Eastern Coalfield Limited (SECL) was found in two sections; 3.5m top and 6.0m bottom section, with a highly laminated 3.0-m-thick parting between the two sections. The laminated parting, comprised of alternate layers of shale, carbonaceous shale, coal and mudstone, was found to be incompetent for safe and clean underground working of both sections. Both top and bottom sections were developed on superimposed pillars along the floor using roof bolts. Based on laboratory testing and investigations on simulated models, an idea of underpinning was conceived for simultaneous depillaring of both the contiguous sections. Taking advantage of presence of openings in the top section, the laminated parting and roof coal band of bottom section was reinforced simultaneously by a full-column grouted cable bolt of suitable length from the floor of the top section. Underpinning consolidated parting stability through reinforcement and provided additional thickness to the critical parting thickness as the roof coal band of the thick bottom section is stitched together with the parting. Maintaining superimposition of workings in the two sections, pillars of both the sections were extracted by splitting and slicing. Splits and slices of the bottom section did not experience roof instability problems due to the presence of the reinforced overlying roof coal band and parting by underpinning. The roof coal of the bottom section was blasted down on retreat. Consolidation of the multi-layered parting by underpinning did not allow separation and collapse of its mudstone/shale layers resulting in clean coal blasted from the roof. Underpinning-based simultaneous depillaring of the contiguous sections proved its technological feasibility and success through field trials.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thick coal seam; Underpinning; Simultaneous depillaring; Contiguous sections; Laminated parting
Subjects: Thick Seam Mining
Depositing User: Dr. Satyendra Kumar Singh
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2012 07:26
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2012 07:26

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