Jhanwar, J.C. and Chakraborty, A.K. and Jethwa, J.L (1999) Application of air decks in production blasting to improve fragmentation and economics of an open pit mine. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering , 17 (1). pp. 37-57. ISSN 0960-3182

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In blasting with air decks, repeated oscillation of shock waves within the air gap increases the time over which it acts on the surrounding rock mass by a factor at between 2 and 5. The ultimate effect lies in increasing the crack network in the surrounding rock and reducing the burden movement. Trials of air deck blasting in the structurally unfavourable footwall side of an open pit manganese mine has resulted in substantial improvements in fragmentation and blast economics. Better fragmentation resulted in improved shovel loading efficiency by 50–60%. Secondary blasting was almost eliminated. Use of ANFO explosive with this technique reduced explosive cost by 31.6%. Other benefits included reductions in overbreak, throw and ground vibration of the order of 60–70, 65–85 and 44% respectively. This paper reviews the theory of air deck blasting and describes in detail the air deck blast trials conducted in a manganese open pit mine in India. The blast performance data have been analysed to evaluate the benefits of air decking over conventional blasting.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: air deck, fragmentation, blasting, open pit mine
Subjects: Blasting
Depositing User: Dr. Satyendra Kumar Singh
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2011 10:49
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2011 10:49
URI: http://cimfr.csircentral.net/id/eprint/460

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