Singh, Abhay Kumar and Mondal, G.C. and Singh, Siddharth and Singh, T.B. and Tewary, B. K. and Sinha, A. (2007) Aquatic Geochemistry of Dhanbad, Jharkhand: Source Evaluation and Quality Assessment. Journal of the Geological Society of India , 69 (5). pp. 1088-1102. ISSN 0016-7622

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Surface, subsurface and mine water collected from rural, urban, industrial and coal mining areas of Dhanbad district have been analysed to assess the major ion chemistry, the weathering and geochemical processes controlling the water composition and suitability of water for domestic, industrial and agricultural uses. Ca, Mg, and HCO3 dominate the chemical composition and suitability of water chemistry. However, in the mine water and water samples collected from mining areas, high concentration of SO4 has been observed. Water chemistry of the study area strongly reflects the dominance of continental weathering and higher concentration of SO4, Cl and TDS in some samples indicates mining and anthropogenic impact on water quality. The high contribution of (Ca+Mg)/(Na+K) i.e. 3.6 suggest combined influence of carbonate and silicate weathering is the major proton producer in these waters. However, the low C-ratio for the mine water (average 0.22) and the waters collected near the coal mining areas suggests that sulphide oxidation and/or coupled reactions (involving both carbonic acid weathering and sulphide oxidation) control the chemical quality in the mining areas. The quality assessment of surface and subsurface water shows that water is suitable for domestic use with few exception. The calculated values of SAR, RSC and sodium percentage indicate that water can be used for irrigation without any hazard.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aquatic geochemistry, Weathering, Anthropogenic, Quality assessment, Saturation index, Dhanbad, Jharkhand.
Subjects: Envieronmental Management Group
Depositing User: Dr. Satyendra Kumar Singh
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2011 07:22
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2011 07:22

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