Singh, Abhay Kumar and Mondal, G.C. and Singh, K.K. (2007) Precipitation chemistry and occurrence of acid rain over Dhanbad, coal city of India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment , 125. pp. 99-110. ISSN 0167-6369

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The present study investigated the chemical composition of wet atmospheric precipitation over Dhanbad, coal city of India. The precipitation samples were collected on event basis for three years (July 2003 to October 2005) at Central Mining Research Institute. The precipitation samples were analyzed for pH, conductivity, major anions (F, Cl, NO3, SO4) and cations (Ca, Mg, Na, K, NH4). The pH value varied from 4.01 to 6.92 (avg. 5.37) indicating acidic to alkaline nature of rainwater. The pH of the rainwater was found well above the reference pH (5.6), showing alkalinity during the non-monsoon and early phase of monsoon, but during the late phase of monsoon, pH tendency was towards acidity (<5.6 pH) indicating the non-availability of proper neutralizer for acidic ions. The observed acidic events at this site were 91, (n =162) accounting 56% for the entire monitoring months. The (NO3 +Cl)/SO4 ratio in majority of samples was found below 1.0, indicating that the acidity is greatly influenced by SO4. The calculated ratio of (Ca+NH4)/(NO3 +SO4) ranges between 0.42–5.13 (average 1.14), however in most of the samples, the ratio is greater than unity (>1.0) indicating that Ca and NH4 play an important role in neutralization of acidic ions in rainwater. Ca and SO4 dominate the bulk ionic deposition and these two ions along with NH4 accounts 63% of the annual ionic deposition.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acid rain, Anthropogenic, Dhanbad, pH, Rainwater Chemistry, Neutralization, Wet deposition
Subjects: Envieronmental Management Group
Depositing User: Dr. Satyendra Kumar Singh
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2011 11:18
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2011 11:18

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