Singh, Abhay Kumar and Mondal, G.C. (2008) Chemical characterization of wet precipitation events and deposition of pollutants in coal mining region, India. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 59. pp. 1-23. ISSN 0167-7764

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The present study investigated the chemical composition of wet atmospheric precipitation in India’s richest coal mining belt. Total 418 samples were collected on event basis at six sites from July to October in 2003 and May to October in 2004 and analysed for pH, EC, F−, Cl−, SO2_ 4 , NO_3 , Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+ and NHþ4 . The average pH value (5.7) of the rainwater of the investigated area is alkaline in nature. However, the temporal pH variation showed the alkaline nature during the early phase of monsoonal rainfall but it trends towards acidic during the late and high rainfall periods. The rainwater chemistry of the region showed high contribution of Ca2+ (47%) and NHþ4 (21%) in cations and SO24_ (55%) and Cl− (23%) in anionic abundance. The high non seas salt fraction (nss) of Ca2+ (99%) and Mg2+ (96%) suggests crustal source of the ions, while the high nss SO24_ (96%) and high SO2_ 4 _ NO_3 _ þ C1__ratio signifying the impact of anthropogenic sources and the source of the acidity. The ratio of SO2_ 4 þ NO_3 _ NHþ4 _ þ Ca2þ_varies from 0.03 to 3.23 with the average value of 0.84 suggesting that Ca2+ and NHþ4 play a major role in neutralization processes. The assessment of the wet ionic deposition rates shows no any specific trend, however Ca2+ deposition rate was highest followed by SO2_ 4 and NH4+

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Precipitation chemistry, Acid rain, pH, Dhanbad - Bokaro Neutralization factor, Wet deposition, India
Subjects: Envieronmental Management Group
Depositing User: Dr. Satyendra Kumar Singh
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2011 10:50
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2011 10:50

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