Singh, Ashok Kumar (2021) Effects of Elevated Temperatures on the Microstructural, Physico-Mechanical and Elastic Properties of Barakar Sandstone: A Study from One of the World’s Largest Underground Coalmine Fire Region, Jharia, India. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering , 54. pp. 1293-1314. ISSN 0723-2632

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Experimental investigations of the effects of elevated temperature on microstructural, mineralogical, physico-mechanical and elastic properties of rocks were carried out to understand the effect of underground coal fire along with thermal damage and failure initiation in Barakar sandstone from the Jharia coalfield, India. Discolouration analysis, petrographic studies, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetry, differential thermal analysis and electron probe micro analysis were carried out to understand the microstructural and mineralogical changes in thermally treated samples. The experimental results suggest that the changes in investigated properties follow three characteristic thermal zones: zone I (25–300 °C), zone II (300–500 °C) and zone III (500–800 °C). Among all, zone II is a prominent transition region where a rapid increase in crack density, porosity and thermal damage is observed along with a sharp reduction in seismic wave velocities, uniaxial compressive strength, tensile strength and elastic parameters. Development of thermal stress-induced intergranular and intragranular micro-cracks, evaporation of organic matters, and dehydration and thermal decomposition of minerals are the most conspicuous reasons for the observed changes in this zone. Zone III is characterized by phase transformation of quartz, recrystallization and partial melting of cement and phyllosilicates that filled some of the existing micro-cracks, resulting in a local change of porosity, strength and elastic properties. Developments of different failure modes are observed in different temperature ranges such as simple shear along a single plane in zone I, progressive growth of Y-shaped (double plane) shearing in the zones II and III (400–700 °C) and axial splitting at 800 °C. The results from this study provide comprehensive elaboration of thermal effects on sandstones at a particular temperature range.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Underground coalmine fire Barakar sandstone Physico-mechanical properties Thermal damage Microstructure SEM
Subjects: Rock Testing
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2021 05:05
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2021 05:05

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