Buragohain, John and Mendhe, Vinod Atmaram and Varma, Atul Kumar and Shukla, Priyanka (2021) Organo-Lithotype Controls on Cleat/Fractures, Matrix-Associated Pores, and Physicomechanical Properties of Coal Seams of Raniganj Coalfield, India. ACS Omega, 6 (31). pp. 20218-20248.

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he organo-lithotype properties of Barakar and Raniganj Formation coal seams have been investigated to assess the process of cleat origin, occurrence, and their influence on strength properties. Coal cleats have wide applications in coalbed methane gas recovery, underground mine strata mechanics, beneficiation, and pulverization. However, there is very limited information available on the cleat occurrence and controlling parameters of Indian coals. In this view, a total of 31 coal samples were retrieved from eight exploratory boreholes intersecting coal-bearing formations like Barakar and Raniganj in the Raniganj Coalfield. We identified four distinct lithotypes in coal seams: (i) B, bright coal; (ii) Db, dull banded coal; (iii) Bb, bright banded coal; and (iv) Bd, banded coal. The abundance of bright-band-associated lithotype indicates organic matter that attained the early anoxic conditions after deposition. The cleat system in Barakar coal is comparatively better than in Raniganj coal controlled by the lithotype, type of organic matter, thermal maturity, and gelification extent. The carbon enrichment process in coal mainly controls the megascopic cleat genesis pattern. The positive trend of cleat intensities with the depth of coal seams as determined by megascopic, microscopic, and scanning electron microscope (SEM) studies postulates that the macro- to nanocleats are interdependent and developed during devolatilization due to loss of plasticity. The field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) photographs have shown intricate microfractures and pore structures owing to the epigenetic characteristics. Vitrinite bands indicate that it comprises the partially deformed planer cleat system. The resistance to quartz weathering nature attributed to coal brittleness properties also contributed to cleat genesis. The total clay content exhibits an inverse relationship with different cleat intensities, suggesting that hydrous clay swells due to its inherent ultrafine characteristics, thus not supporting the cleat construction. However, it ropes the development of the irregular crack when organo–inorganic matter achieves the dry thermal conditions. The microfractures linked with different pore structures in studied coals can be classified into seven types: (i) vitrite-associated regular open-slit pores, (ii) vitriinertite-char allied irregular pores, (iii) irregular fracture-pore partially filled with clay, (iv) fissile pores along bedding planes of clay, (v) organic pores evolved due to external heat received from intrusives, (vi) deep organic pores evolved during compaction and thermal transformation, and (vii) pore fractures blocked by boghead algae. The clay content showed a positive relationship with physicomechanical properties, signifying the cementing characteristics of clay holding fractures and pores. There is significant variation in the strength properties of Barakar and Marren measures coal influenced by thermal maturity, lithotype characteristics, and organo–inorganic content.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Methane Emission and Degasification
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2021 09:27
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2021 09:27
URI: http://cimfr.csircentral.net/id/eprint/2397

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