Mendhe, V.A. (2020) Geochemical attributes for source rock and palaeoclimatic reconstruction of the Auranga Basin, India. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 185.

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The present study aims to investigate the source and palaeoenvironmental conditions prevailed during the deposition of the Lower Permian shales of the Auranga Basin located at western flank of the Damodar valley, India. Both organic and inorganic geochemistry have been applied as tools to accomplish the objectives of this investigation. The n-alkane distribution within the samples reveals the dominance of the intermediate chain length n-alkanes over the short chain as well as long chain length homologues, possibly implying the organic matter derivation from the ferns, sphagnum moss, gymnosperms and/or aquatic plants. The intermediate chain n-alkane concentration along with its relations with the preference indices of odd to even carbons and proxy ratio as well as with average chain length may suggest the submergent aquatic plant communities as principle contributors of organic materials to the peatland. The presence of short chain length alkanes with pentacyclic triterpenoids may indicate the microbial organic matter input. The complete absence of <n-C16 alkanes and baseline humps in the pentacyclic triterpenoid chromatograms may indicate the influence of biodegradation of the organic matter in the shale samples. The pristane to phytane ratio (0.08–4.66) and the relation between pristane/n-C17 and phytane/n-C18 may imply transitional redox condition within the mire. The pristane/n-C17 ratio (0.08–1.24) may indicate the alternations of open water and swampy environments. The chemical weathering indices calculated from major elemental oxides may infer moderate to strong weathering due to reasonable period of precipitation during a wet spell. The selective trace element ratios and the palaeoclimatic factor (0.60–1.73) may, additionally, suggest high atmospheric humidity and consequent heavy precipitations that flourished the aquatic plants, which would have dominantly supplied the organic detritus in the peatland. In complementary, the hopanoid ratios, especially, the 22S/(22S + 22R) homohopane ratio may mark that the organic matter within the Auranga shales is in immature to early maturity phase for oil generation. Moreover, the combined mean random vitrinite reflectance and the thermal maturity parameter obtained from the Rock Eval data may indicate oil potential of these shales.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Auranga Basin shales; n-alkane distribution; Hopanoids; Palaeoclimatic factor; Thermal maturity
Subjects: Methane Emission and Degasification
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2020 09:00
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2020 09:00

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