Mishra, Rakesh Kumar and Pandey, Jai Krishna and Pandey, Jitendra (2019) Detection and Analysis of Coal Fire in Jharia Coalfield (JCF) Using Landsat Remote Sensing Data. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing. ISSN 0255-660X

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Coal fires are common and serious problem in most of the coal producing countries of the world. In India, Jharia Coalfield (JCF) has one of the dense surface–subsurface coal fires in the world. The paper presents a case study of fire mapping and its propagation dynamics of JCF during 2001 to 2016 using Landsat data at consecutive 5 year interval. The study reveals that there are three distinct zones of fire in JCF viz., Eastern zone (Rajapur, Lodna, Kustore, Eastern Jharia, Bastacola, Chasnala (IISCO) and Bhowrah), Western Zone (Barora area of Shatabdi, Muraidih open cast mines) and Central zone (Kustor, Tisra, Bhulanbarari, Gonudih Khas Kusunda Colliery (GKKC), Sijua and Modidih colliery). The maximum temperature observed from Landsat data in JCF for years 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016 is 50 °C, 53 °C, 57.5 °C and 56.5 °C, respectively. In the year 2016, the eastern part of JCF was relatively more affected by coal fire than the western part, showing prevalence of major surface and subsurface coal fire. The same trend was maintained from 2001 to 2016. The total fire area is 8.85 km2, 9.34 km2, 9.78 km2, 8.42 km2 in the years 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016, respectively. The total fire area is reduced by 0.43 km2 (from 8.85 to 8.42 km2) from 2001 to 2016.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Jharia Coalfield (JCF) Fire dynamics Mapping Landsat data Remote sensing thermal images
Subjects: Non Coal Ventilation, Fire Gallery and Metallurgy
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2019 07:22
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2019 07:22
URI: http://cimfr.csircentral.net/id/eprint/2066

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