Chattaraj , S. and Mohanty , D and Kumar, T and Halder , G and Mishra , K (2019) Comparative study on sorption characteristics of coal seams from Barakar and Raniganj formations of Damodar Valley Basin, India. International Journal of Coal Geology, 212. pp. 1-19.

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The methane retention mechanism in coal seams is markedly different from those of conventional gas reservoirs. Methane remains mainly as physically adsorbed molecules on micropore surface. Chemical and petrographic compositions of coal are the measures of maturity and type of organic matter that control the methane sorption characteristics of the coal. 99% of Indian coal occurrences are contributed by lower Gondwana sequences housed in two major geologic formations, younger Raniganj and older Barakar. The Raniganj Formation is best exposed in Raniganj Sub-basin and Barakar Formation is best exposed in Jharia Sub-basin of Damodar Valley. Present work attempts a systematic investigation on comparative account of methane sorption characteristics of coals from Raniganj Formation of Raniganj Sub-basin and Barakar Formations of Jharia Sub-basin in relation to their chemical composition and petrographic makeup. Chemical analyses shows that moisture, ash, volatile matter and fixed carbon varies between 2.5 and 4.6%, 10.0–27.2%, 38.8–40.2% (dmmf) and 59.8–61.2% (dmmf), respectively for Raniganj coals and, 0.5–1.1%, 16.7–32.9%, 20.7–22.0% (dmmf) and 78.0–79.3% (dmmf), respectively for Barakar coals. Carbon content is distinct for the suites of coal, 79.2–85.4% and 85.6–92.0% for Raniganj and Barakar coals, respectively. The vitrinite reflectance for the Raniganj coals ranges 0.53–0.72% and the Barakar coals ranges 1.09–1.23%. Based on the chemical composition and vitrinite reflectance value Raniganj coals belongs to high volatile bituminous type, whereas Barakar coals belongs to high to medium volatile bituminous type. Such variation in composition and maturity is mainly attributed to the variation in precursor organic matter as well as the basinal and thermal history of the sub-basins under consideration. H/C atomic ratio of the Raniganj and Barakar coals varies between 0.65 and 0.80 and 0.51–0.72 and O/C atomic ratio varies between 0.05 and 0.13 and 0.01–0.07, respectively. Coals of both the Raniganj and Barakar formations are mostly of kerogen Type-III with Raniganj coals falling in wet gas maturity stage approaching early-thermogenic methane generation whereas Barakar coals falling in condensate gas stage approaching peakthermogenic methane generation. The Langmuir volume ranges from 9.3–21.8 cc/g (daf) for Raniganj coals and 21.1–29.1 cc/g (daf) for Barakar coals. Sorption capacity for the set of coals shows a strong rank dependency and increase with corresponding increase in rank down the stratigraphic column. Methane sorption capacity shows positive relationship with carbon content and vitrinite reflectance, and negative relationship with moisture content, ash and volatile matter. Moisture effect is more prominent in low rank Raniganj coals. The adsorption capacity shows a strong positive relation with vitrinite content and a moderate negative relation with inertinite content for both the Raniganj and Barakar coals, which may be attributed to dominancy of micropores in vitrinites with rank enhancement. The multiple regression analysis shows that the moisture is the main predictor of the VL, and the interaction of moisture with ash and reflectance mainly control the sorption capacity. A predictive model equation is developed for determination of sorption for Damodar basin coals from carbon, ash and moisture data.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sub-basinThermal history Methane Sorption Micropores
Subjects: Non-Conventional Energy and Instrumentation
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2019 07:10
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2019 07:10

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