Masto, R.E. and Singh, M.K. and Rout, T.K. and Kumar, A. and Kumar, S. and George, J. and Selvi, V.A. and Dutta, P. and Tripathi, R.C. and Srivastava, N.K. (2019) Health risks from PAHs and potentially toxic elements in street dust of a coal mining area in India. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 41 (5). pp. 1923-1937. ISSN 0269-4042

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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and potentially toxic elements (PTEs) (Ba, Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, Ni, As, Co) were determined in the road dusts of a coal mining area (Dhanbad, India) to assess their content and potential human health risks. Dust samples were collected from sign boards of the heavy traffic road connecting Dhanbad and Sindri. The total PAHs (∑PAHs, all values in mg/kg) content in the road dust samples varied from 3.98 to 13.1, with carcinogenic PAHs content of 14.8–34.4% of the ∑PAHs. Phenanthrene (2.72), fluorene (0.715) and pyrene (0.575) are the major PAHs. Principal component analysis revealed that these PAHs are probably originated from pyrogenic (coal combustion and traffic emission) and petrogenic (coal dust, tyre and road particles) sources. Among the PTEs, the mean content was higher for Ba (293 mg/kg) followed by Zn (224), Pb (128), Cu (52.6), Cr (45.2), Ni (22.0), As (17.5) and Co (8.11). The overall pollution load index varied from 0.43 to 1.0. Source analysis showed that PTEs in the road dust of the study site were derived from traffic emission (Zn, Fe, Mn, Co and Pb), coal dust (Cr, As and Ni) and soil (K, Mg, Ba, Sr and Ca). In general, the PTEs are lower, but the PAHs contents were elevated in the road dust samples. Although the exposure risks from PTEs are low, the risk to children (expressed as hazardous quotient) for As and Pb is near to the permissible limit of 1.0. Cancer risk from PAHs for adult (4.8 × 10−6) and child (5.3 × 10−6) has exceeded the acceptable limit of 10−6.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Street dust Coal Mining PAH Potentially toxic element Exposure risk India
Subjects: Enviornmental Management
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2019 04:19
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2019 04:19

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