Das, Pallabi and Mondal , G.C. and Singh, Siddharth and Singh, Abhay K. and Prasad, Bably and Singh, K.K.K. (2018) Effluent Treatment Technologies in the Iron and Steel Industry - A State of the Art Review. Water Environment Research , 90 (5). pp. 395-408. ISSN 1061-4303

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Iron and steel industry is the principal driving force propelling economic and technological growth of a nation. However, since its inception this industry is associated with widespread environmental pollution and enormous water consumption. Different units of a steel plant discharge effluents loaded with toxic, hazardous pollutants, and unutilized components which necessitates mitigation. In this paper, pollutant removal efficiency, effluent volume product quality, and economic feasibility of existing treatments are studied vis-à-vis their merits, demerits, and innovations to access their shortcomings which can be overcome with new technology to identify future research directions. While conventional methods are inadequate for complete remediation and water reclamation, the potential of advanced treatments, like membrane separation, remains relatively untapped. It is concluded that integrated systems combining membrane separation with chemical treatments can guarantee a high degree of contaminant removal, reusability of effluents concurrently leading to process intensification ensuring ecofriendliness and commercial viability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: steel plant effluent, COD removal, remediation, process intensification, membrane treatment
Subjects: Envieronmental Management Group
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2019 05:16
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2019 05:16
URI: http://cimfr.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1980

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