Sahu, Gajanan and Gupta, Navneet Kumar and Saha, Sujan and Datta, Sudipta and Chavan, Prakash D and Kumari, Neelam and Dutta, P. (2018) A Review on Biodiesel Production through Heterogeneous Catalysis Route. ChemBioEng Reviews, 5 (4). pp. 231-252.

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Depletion of oil reserves, increasing prices of petroleum products, and environmental concerns related to air pollution are the main driving forces for utilizing renewable energy resources to replace fossil fuels. Vegetable oils can be used to produce biodiesel. Biodiesel is obtained by transesterification of vegetable oil with alcohol using homogeneous or heterogeneous catalysts. In the industry, biodiesel is produced by heterogeneous catalysts due to high activity and selectivity, better reusability, reduction in processing steps, and wastes. The catalytic activity of catalysts depends on the strength and type of intrinsic basic or/and acid properties. Biodiesel production using heterogenous catalysts depends on the various reaction parameters such as reaction time, temperature, molar ratio of alcohol to oil, catalyst amount, and stirring speed. In this paper, the catalytic transesterification of various feedstocks such as edible oil, non‐edible oil, and waste using heterogeneous catalysts has been reviewed and optimization parameters for maximum biodiesel production have been summarized.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel Heterogeneous catalyst Transesterification Solid acid catalyst Solid base catalyst
Subjects: Coal Gesification
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2018 11:28
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2018 11:28

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