Mandal, Prabhat Kumar and Das, Arka Jyoti and Bhattacharjee, Rana and Tewari, Subhashish and Kushwaha, Angad (2018) Assessment of roof convergence during driving roadways in underground coal mines by continuous miner. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences , 108. pp. 169-178. ISSN 1365-1609

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In India, a number of coal seams are being extracted by using the continuous miner (CM). There is a need to standardise some of the major parameters like cut-out distance (COD) and the convergence of the roof strata for safe operation of the CM. The production and productivity of this system mainly depend on the COD, i.e. the length of the stable drivage made in the coal seam by the CM at a time without installing any reinforcement/support. This factor is determined by assessing the convergence of the roof strata. Therefore, prior to driving of the roadways by the CM, the estimation of the convergence of the roof strata is necessary for safe and stable driving of the roadways. No suitable empirical relationship is found between the convergence and the COD. This paper deals with the assessment of the roof convergence during development of the coal seams by the CM. Variations of the convergence with the major influencing parameters, i.e. the COD, the rock mass rating and the width of the gallery, are obtained by the parametric study through elasto-plastic numerical modelling. The trend of the convergence data with respect to the input parameters is found non-linear. Thus, a non-linear multivariate model is framed by putting the constant and exponents in the input parameters. These constant and exponents are determined through regression analysis to develop a predictive model. The coefficient of determination of the model is around 0.98. The model is validated with the monitoring data of different mines. This model can be applied for the assessment of the convergence of the roof in underground coal mines for safe driving of the roadways by the CM. Alternatively, optimum COD of the CM can be designed by fixing the threshold limit of the convergence value for a particular geomining condition.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cut-out distance; Convergence; Strain-softening model; Continuous miner; Multivariate non-linear regression
Subjects: Thick Seam Mining
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2018 11:18
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2018 11:18

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