Saha, Sujan and Sharma, Bijay K. (2016) High Ash Char Gasification in Thermo-Gravimetric Analyzer and Prediction of Gasification Performance Parameters Using Computational Intelligence Formalisms. Chemical Engineering Communications , 203 (8). pp. 1029-1044. ISSN 0098-6445

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The coal gasification is a cleaner and more efficient process than the coal combustion. Although high ash coals are commonly utilized in the energy generation, systematic gasification kinetic studies using chars derived from these coals are scarce. Accordingly, this paper reports the development of the data-driven models for the gasification of chars derived from the high ash coals. Specifically, the models predict two important gasification performance parameters, viz. gasification rate constant and reactivity index. These models have been constructed using three computational intelligence (CI) methods, namely genetic programming (GP), multilayer perceptron (MLP) neural network (NN), and support vector regression (SVR). The inputs to the CI-based models consist of seven parameters representing the gasification reaction conditions and properties of high ash coals and chars. The data used in the modeling were collected by performing extensive gasification experiments in the CO2 atmosphere in a thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA) using char samples derived from the Indian coals containing high ash content. Values of the two gasification performance parameters were obtained by fitting the experimental data to the shrinking unreacted core (SUC) model. It has been observed that all the CI-based models possess an excellent prediction accuracy and generalization capability. Accordingly, these models can be gainfully employed in the design and operation of the fixed and fluidized bed gasifiers using high ash coals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Char gasification kinetic modeling, Data-driven modeling, Genetic programming, Multilayer perceptron neural network, Support vector regression, Thermo-gravimetric analyzer
Subjects: Coal Gesification
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2017 05:18
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2017 05:18

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