Singh, Rajendra (2013) Long-hole destress blasting for rockburst control during deep underground coal mining. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences , 61. pp. 141-153. ISSN 1365-1609

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The Lazy Colliery in the Ostrava-Karvina Coalfield of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin adopted modern longwall technology for an underground extraction of coal seam No. 504. This coal seam is located at a cover depth of around 700 m. The seam thickness varied from 3.1 m to 5.0 m in the selected longwall panel. Two overlying coal seams, Nos. 512 and 530 experienced mining at average heights of 58 m and 75 m, respectively, from the planned working horizon of the seam No. 504. The proposed longwall panel was adversely situated below goaf edges of the workings in these two overlying extracted seams. An analysis of the inter-burden rock mass among these coal seams showed the presence of strong, massive strata of sandstones and conglomerates with uniaxial compressive strength values between 70 MPa and 120 MPa. The stress is measured at different mining stages by Compact Conical-ended Borehole Monitoring (CCNM). A simple laboratory test of the coal sample found a high value of the ratio of the elastic deformation to the total deformation (>0.8), indicating the energy-storing characteristic (prone to burst/bump) of the coal seam. Under the existing geo-mining conditions of the site a suitable distress blasting (long-hole drilling and blasting) design is adopted to pre-fracture the identified competent strata from both gate roads in advance. The total length of the panel could be extracted without any bump/rockburt after the distress blasting. The efficiency of the adopted distress blasting at the different mining stages is evaluated in terms seismic effect (SE), which is calculated through the available seismic monitoring data and weight of the charged explosive. A systematic adoption of the distress rock blasting led the 300 m long longwall panel to be smoothly extracted without any further rockbursts.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ostrava-Karvina Coal Basin Longwall mining Rockburst Destress blasting
Subjects: Thick Seam Mining
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2016 04:36
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2016 04:36

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