Giri, Soma and Singh, Abhay Kumar (2014) Risk assessment, statistical source identification and seasonal fluctuation of dissolved metals in the Subarnarekha River, India. Journal of Hazardous Materials , 265. pp. 305-314.

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Surface water samples were collected from 21 sampling sites throughout the Subarnarekha River during pre monsoon, monsoon and post monsoon seasons. The concentrations of metals were determined using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) for the seasonal fluctuation, source apportionment and risk assessment. The results demonstrated that concentrations of the metals showed significant seasonality and most variables exhibited higher levels in the pre monsoon season. Principal component analysis (PCA) outcome of four factors together explained 76.9% of the variance with >1 initial eigenvalue indicated both innate and anthropogenic activities are contributing factors as source of metal profusion in Subarnarekha River. Risk of metals on human health was then evaluated using hazard quotients (HQ) by ingestion and dermal pathways for adult and child and it was indicated that As with HQingestion > 1, was the most important pollutant leading to non-carcinogenic concerns. The largest contributors to chronic risks were As, V and Co, in all the seasons. The HQdermal of all the elements for adult and child were below unity, suggesting that the metals posed little hazards via dermal absorption indicating that the oral intake was the primary exposure pathway.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Subarnarekha River; Metals; Risk assessment; Source evaluation; Seasonal fluctuation
Subjects: Envieronmental Management Group
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2016 04:43
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2018 09:14

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