Singh, Abhay Kumar (2001) Hydrochemical Characteristics of Meltwater Draining from Pindari Glacier, Kumaon Himalaya. Journal of Geological Society of India, 57 (6). pp. 519-527.

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A detailed geochemical study of the Pindari glacier meltwaters has been carried out to assess the major ion chemistry and solute acquisition processes at high altitude. Electrical conductivity of the meltwater ranges from 69 to 207 μS cm-1. Analytical result shows that bicarbonate and sulphate are sub-equally dominant anions, accounting for 49% and 50% of the total anions respectively in equivalent unit. In equivalent unit, calcium is found to be the most dominating cation (74%) followed by magnesium (20%) potassium (3.5%) and sodium (2.5%). Ca-SO4-HCO3 is the dominating hydrochemical facies in Pindari glacier meltwater. High contribution of calcium and magnesium to the total cations (90-95%), high (Ca+Mg)/HCO3 and (Ca+Mg)/(Na+K) ratio indicate that the composition of meltwater draining from Pindari glacier is largely controlled by carbonate weathering and partly by silicate weathering. High concentration of sulphate and average C-ratio (HCO3/HCO3+SO4) value of 0.49 suggests that coupled reactions, involving carbonate dissolution and protons derived primarily though not exclusively from the oxidation of sulphide minerals, largely control bulk meltwater composition. Low concentrations of dissolved ions were observed in the early ablation (May and July) seasons, while the late ablation seasons (September and October) are marked by increased concentrations of observed species.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pindari glacier, Meltwater, Weathering, Diurnal variation, TDS, TSM, Kumaon, Himalaya.
Subjects: Envieronmental Management Group
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2016 04:47
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2016 04:47

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