Selvi, Vetrivel A and Ram , L.C. and Masto, R.E. (2015) Molluscicidal effect of biogenic silica and botanical pesticides for the control of Achatina fulica (giant African land snail) and Laevicaulis alte (garden slug). Journal of Phytopathology and Pest Management, 2 (1). pp. 12-21. ISSN 2356-8577

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Abstract

The molluscicidal effect of silica synthesized from rice husk ash (RHA) on snails(Achatina fulica Bowdich) and slugs (Laevicaulis alte Férussac) was assessed under laboratory conditions. The silica particles derived from RHA were also coated with leaf extracts (botanical pesticides):Azadirachta indica A. Juss, Pongamia pinnata (L.),Nicotiana tabacum (L.), and Calotropis procera (L.). The silica coated with plant extracts and the uncoated silica were applied to the molluscs in dust or slurry form. Inactivation,mortality, and body fluid loss in A. fulica and L. alte were observed over 24 h and recorded. The body fluid losses were 25%–42% for snails and 37%–62% for slugs that had been dusted with silica. During the experiment it was also noted that as the concentration of silica increased (0.15, 0.20, and 0.25 g), the time required for inactivation and mortality was reduced. The dust application was more effective than the slurry. The lower concentration of silica in the slurry (0.05 and 0.10 g) did not have any significant effect on A. fulica or L. alte. For A. fulica the biopesticide-coated silica particles were more effective when coated with neem, followed by tobacco and karanj; for L. alte, the particles were most effective when coated with tobacco, followed by neem and karanj. The plant extract (liquid as well as dry powder) without silica showed no molluscicidal effect on A. fulica and L. alte, except for some temporary inactivation, particularly with tobacco extract. The application of common salt, a practice often used by farmers, was also tested. It was observed that the effects of common salt on A. fulica and L. alte were less significant than those of silica coated with botanical pesticides.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Enviornmental Management
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Mr. B. R. Panduranga
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2015 06:56
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2015 06:56
URI: http://cimfr.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1506

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