George , Joshy and Masto, R.E. and Ram, L.C. and Selvi, V.A. (2013) Evaluation of Microbial Biomass and Activity in Different Soils exposed to Increasing Level of Arsenic Pollution: A Laboratory Study. Soil and Sediment Contamination , 22. pp. 483-497. ISSN 1532-0383

[img] PDF
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (610Kb) | Request a copy


Soil contamination with arsenic is a widespread phenomenon in many parts of the world and it is well known that it may affect the soil microbial community. A laboratory experiment was performed to evaluate the acute toxicity effect of different As concentrations (0, 0.1, 1.0, 10, 100, and 200 mg/kg) on soil biological parameters like microbial biomass carbon (MBC), active microbial biomass carbon (AMBC), basal soil respiration (BSR), fluorescein diacetate hydrolase activity (FDA), and dehydrogenase activity (DHA) under three different soil types (Inceptisol, Vertisol, and Entisol). Soil enzyme activities, microbial biomass, and respiration were significantly decreased by arsenic exposure. The soil metabolic quotient increased with increasing As concentration, the maximum being observed for Entisol followed by Vertisol and Inceptisol. Except for soil enzyme activities, the majority of which started to decrease after the addition of 10 mg/kg arsenic, all other parameters decreased at arsenic dose ≥0.1 mg/kg. The decrease of AMBC/MBC ratio showed that acute arsenic stress affected the active microorganisms more than the dormant component of total microbial biomass. Among the three soils studied, Vertisol was comparatively more tolerant to As exposure in terms of soil enzymes and biomass, followed by Inceptisol and Entisol. MBC has evolved as a distinct parameter in cluster analysis, while some others, such as DHA and AMBC, and FDA and BSR, appeared essentially redundant.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arsenic, Inceptisol, Vertisol, Entisol, microbial biomass, soil respiration, fluorescein diacetate hydrolases, dehydrogenase, metabolic quotient
Subjects: Enviornmental Management
Depositing User: Dr. Satyendra Kumar Singh
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2013 11:44
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2013 11:44

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item