Tiwary, R.K. (2001) ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF COAL MINING ONWATER REGIME AND ITS MANAGEMENT. Water, Air and Soil Pollution , 132 (1-2). pp. 185-199. ISSN 0049-6979

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Coal mining is one of the core industries that contribute to the economic development of a country but deteriorate the environment. Being the primary source of energy coal has become essential to meet the energy demand of a country. It is excavated by both opencast and underground mining methods and affects the environment, especially water resources, by discharging huge amounts of mine water. The mine water may be acidic or neutral depending upon the pyrite content in the coal as inorganic impurities. Acid mine drainage occurs in those mines in which sulphur content is found in the range of 1–5% in the form of Pyrite (FeS2). It degrades the water quality of the region in terms of lowering the pH of the surrounding water resources and increasing the level of total suspended solids, total dissolved solids and some heavy metals. In non acidic mines, water quality shows high hardness, TSS and bacterial contaminants. The leachate water from overburden dump are found enriched in metal concentration especially Fe, Cu, Mn and Ni except in one of the clayey dumps. High values of hardness of mine water reduces it’s utility in domestic purposes. The article illustrates the quality of acidic and non acidic mine water and leachate characteristics of opencast coal mining OB dumps. Pollutants such as TSS, TDS, oil and grease and heavy metal are found in the coal mining waste effluents. Management of these liquid waste at the primary level and secondary level have also been suggested to control the pollution level at the source.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: acid mine drainage, coal mining, environmental impact, leachate characteristics, management, water quality
Subjects: Envieronmental Management Group
Depositing User: Dr. Satyendra Kumar Singh
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2011 04:45
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2011 04:45
URI: http://cimfr.csircentral.net/id/eprint/130

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