Chaulya, S.K. and Chakraborty, M. K. and Singh, R.S. (2000) Quantification of stability improvement of a dump through biological reclamation. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering , 18 (3). pp. 193-207. ISSN 0960-3182

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An integrated study on biological stabilisation of a dump slope has indicated that biological reclamation with grass and tree species should be considered for long term stability of this coalmine dump in India.The grasses have greater soil binding capacity and help to control soil erosion and improve dump stability. Native grasses such as Bamboo (Dendrocalmus strictus) and Kashi (Saccharum spontaneum) are the important constituents of grass species which can stabilise the dump slopes. Field observation of growth performance of grasses have indicated that mean grass height, root depth and below-ground root biomass are 185 cm (±68), 45 cm(±5) and 467 g m-2 (±170), respectively after three years of grass growth on Mudidih overburden dump slope in India. The growth performance of tree species, namely Sisum (Dalbergia sisoo) and Subabool (Leucena lecocephala), in terms of height, diameter increment, below-ground biomass and root depth have shown mean values of 219 cm (±94), 48 mm (±6), 4.0 kg mÿ2 (±1.5) and 1 m (±0.1), respectively. This acts as biological fertility which helps in root proliferation and enhancement of dump stability. From the numerical modelling it is suggested that roots of these grass and tree species have significantly enhanced the factor of safety of dump from 1.4 to 1.8 and therefore have a positive role in maintaining long term stability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biological reclamation, numerical modelling, overburden dump, slope stability
Subjects: Instrumentation
Depositing User: Dr. Satyendra Kumar Singh
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2011 13:17
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2011 13:17

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